The Pomeranian is a toy breed dog that comes from the long lineage of the Spitz breeds. The life expectancy of the Pom is between 12 and 16 years, common to smaller dog breeds. They are lively and very energetic, with large breed personalities. They are attentive, alert and not at all afraid to voice their opinions or concerns.
Because of their alert and vocal nature, they make decent alert dogs. They can be easily trained and hold their family deep in their hearts. However, homes with very small children should be cautious when adopting a Pom, as toddlers may be too rough and cause injury because of the dogs very small size.
Why Quality Food Matters to Your Pomeranian
Poms have special dietary needs, like most small breeds. High-quality foods will ensure that your dog gets the proper nutrition for all the life stages: puppy, adult, and senior. However, with Pomeranian’s you need to ensure the food is not only nutritious but small enough to be eaten.
Poms, like other toy breeds, have very small mouths. They also have smaller teeth and will be affected by larger kibble. All your food options should be small enough for them to eat without having to break it down first.
Because of the high energy levels, your Pomeranian will also need a high protein, high vitamin diet. Their metabolism is higher than most small and medium breeds and will need smaller, but more frequent meals to maintain.
Top Foods: Quick Look
We have the top picks for your Pomeranian in this review. For each life stage (puppy, adult, and senior) there are various brands that will provide everything your Pom needs.
- Best Overall Dog Food – The Honest Kitchen Whole Grain Beef Recipe Dehydrated Dog Food
- Best Premium Dog Food – NomNomNow Chicken Wow-Wow Fresh, Human Grade Dog Food
- Best Value Dog Food – Taste of the Wild Appalachian Valley Small Breed Grain-Free Dry Dog Food
- Best Dog Food for Seniors – Blue Buffalo Homestyle Recipe Senior Chicken Dinner with Garden Vegetables Canned Dog Food
- Best Dog Food for Puppies – Blue Buffalo Freedom Small Breed Puppy Chicken Recipe Grain-Free Dry Dog Food
Pomeranian Common Health Issues
Every breed will have some health concerns. You should always do thorough research on the breed you want to welcome into your home. Poms are a toy breed, which brings with it a special set of health issues. We will cover some of them here.
Poms are easily susceptible to overeating and gaining weight. They eat too fast to understand when their bellies are full. It is up to you as the parent to decide how much they should eat per day and make sure they are not just getting enough food, but that they are not getting too much.
Poms have small mouths and are susceptible to tooth crowding in their mouths. This can also lead to teeth and gum problems attributed to their food. Not only will eating properly be essential, but regular checks for food stuck in their teeth will need to be performed. Followed by regular dental checks by the veterinarian.
With high quality food, such as the ones we list here, your Pom will have few issues with eating. The proper nutrition will not only help them remain active and healthy, but it will also promote good gum and tooth health.
Hypoglycemia is the medical term for low blood sugar. It is very common in puppies under three months of age and in small breed dogs their entire life. Owners should be aware of the symptoms and act right away.
The most common symptoms are shaking and twitching, loss of motor controls or trouble walking, overall weakness and even seizures. If you notice these conditions, you should use a finger of natural honey and rub it on their gums. This will temporarily increase the blood sugar. Then, you need to get your dog to the veterinarian as soon as possible for proper treatment.
Proper food will help avoid this condition to some degree. Ensuring your Pom has the right vitamins, minerals and proteins will keep their blood sugar regulated.
Severe Hair Loss Syndrome
Severe Hair Loss Syndrome, known as SHLS or Coat Loss, is a condition that mainly affects males of the species. It also typically appears later in life and results in the coat thinning and eventually falling out completely.
You will first notice the signs of the thick, double coat of the Pom thinning out. You will also notice that the fur around the hind legs and tail is the first to go. If not treated, it will eventually spread to the rest of the body from tail to head.
Your veterinarian will have the proper treatment methods and be able to explain them to you. Prevention is also a part of the process and catching the condition early can be crucial. Your dog’s diet can play a large role in the prevention methods as well. Ensuring proper protein and vitamin intake is a great method of SHLS prevention.
What to Look for in Quality Food for Your Pomeranian
High-quality food is more than a recognizable brand name. Some of the most well-known dog food brands aren’t suitable for most dogs. That being said, here are some things you should look for on your ingredient label.
Meat and Meat Meal
The most important ingredient is going to be protein. However not just any protein will be good for smaller breeds and toy breeds like the Pomeranian. Most of the proteins should come from real meat.
This will depend on the brand you choose, generally be chicken or turkey. You will find other meat proteins such as beef, pork or wild game as well. The meat proteins should be listed by the type of meat they are (chicken, turkey, etc.) and should never just say “meat.”
The same goes for meat meal. Meat meal should be labeled as the specific type of meat the meal is made from, again such as chicken meal, beef meal, etc. If you ever see it listed as simply “meat meal,” walk away and choose another brand.
Vegetables and Fruits
When vitamins and minerals are concerned, they should come from natural sources such as vegetables and fruits whenever possible. Added vitamins and minerals are also ideal since a lot of the senior dogs need joint supplements that aren’t natural in fruits and veggies.
Ingredients to Avoid
There are a few things you need to watch out for and avoid whenever possible. Here are a few of the most common.
Meat byproduct is a 4-D food established by the FDA as not consumable by humans. The meat in question that the byproduct is derived from has no nutritional value, often contains spoiled or soured meat and even plastics, Styrofoam and another packaging.
The four D’s stand for dead, dying, diseased, and deformed. The slough off from the meat production leaves things like skin, bowels and other parts that aren’t used for consumption. Byproduct also includes meats that are expired.
Butchers and grocers that have expired meats send them to plants to be reused in byproduct manufacturing. The entire package is thrown in, along with the spoiled meat. This isn’t something you should ever eat, nor want to feed to your dog.
Artificial Colors or Dyes
For allergy reasons, you should also avoid added colors or dyes. Dogs are highly susceptible to allergies from foods that contain artificial colors. If you ever see colors on the ingredient list, you should avoid the food entirely.
These consist of such things as Blue 2, Red 40, Yellow 5 and 6, etc. These additives are designed to please human eyes and ensure the bits of kibble that taste like a carrot appears to be a carrot.
However, the colors can rub off on your pet’s fur, especially around the face and paws, and can be a trigger for food-borne allergens.
Brands to Avoid
There are several brands; some are even well known and established, that should be avoided. They are constant offenders of adding ingredients that shouldn’t be in your dog’s food.
Pedigree is a well-known brand that has been manufacturing dog food for quite some time. Their price point and marketing make them a viable choice for many. However, there are virtually zero proteins in Pedigree foods, and their grain proteins they do use come from corn.
Even when the rare instances that chicken is used as the first ingredient, it is quickly followed by corn, corn meal, and other grains that all but negate the proteins from the chicken that is used.
Arguably the worst food on the market is Walmart’s Ol’ Roy brand. Not only is there zero nutritional value, but they also use dyes, artificial colors and meat byproduct. The cost savings are tremendous, but the health concerns and dietary issues are not worth it.
One vet has been known to state that feeding your dog Ol’ Roy was the equivalent of giving them a diet of candy bars and soda. While it may fill their belly temporarily, they will eat more, have digestion issues and need to go out more often.
Pomeranian Feeding Chart
As a guide, there are some feeding suggestions you should follow with your Pomeranian. Before you fill their bowl, you will need to understand that they are tiny dogs and have smaller stomachs.
In general, a Pom should have less than ½ cup of food per day. Some Poms will eat more, while others will eat less. This should also be given to them over several meal times per day and not all at once.
The key is to keep an eye on the food and how they eat it. If they devour the serving in less than five minutes and look for more, the next feeding should be slightly increased. Likewise, if they eat and walk away leaving food behind, that lasts longer than 15 minutes, the next serving should contain less.
After a few feedings, you will learn the proper amounts to give them. It will be a trial and error type of feeding schedule for the first week or two until everyone is comfortable with the schedule and amounts.
Best Dog Food for Your Pomeranian
Below is a suggested list of the best foods for your Pomeranian for each life stage.
Adult – Best Overall – The Honest Kitchen Whole Grain Beef Recipe Dehydrated Dog Food
The Honest Kitchen uses all-natural ingredients and prepares the food through dehydration. You will need to follow the instructions on the pack to rehydrate the food before serving. Each box contains healthy ingredients with the primary source of protein coming from beef stock.
You will also find grains, proteins, and vegetables for vitamins and minerals. Everything needed to keep your Pom active, healthy and alert.
The first five ingredients are Beef, Organic Oats, Organic Barley, Organic Flaxseed, and Potatoes.
What Customers Like
- Over 22 percent crude protein from beef.
- Pomeranians tend to leave little waste.
- Multiple flavors to choose from for variety and other protein sources.
- Some vegetables may be too large for Poms to eat completely.
- Adding the water to get the right consistency can be a challenge at first.
Adult – Best Value – Taste of the Wild Appalachian Valley Small Breed Grain-Free Dry Dog Food
Taste of the Wild uses all natural ingredients based on the region their flavors come from. The Appalachian Valley formula is designed for smaller dogs and toy breeds while still providing natural proteins, vitamins, and minerals. The flavors are enjoyed even the pickiest eaters and can be topped with wet food for a treat if desired.
The first five ingredients are Venison, Lamb Meal, Garbanzo Beans, Peas, and Lentils.
What Customers Like
- Easily eaten and digested by the most stubborn of Poms.
- Vitamins and minerals are plentiful providing energy and activeness in Poms.
- Small kibble for tiny mouths.
- Some people worry about peas and lentils in their dog’s diet.
- Some ingredients may be eaten around because of flavor or texture.
Adult – Best Super Premium – NomNomNow Chicken Wow-Wow Fresh, Human Grade Dog Food
NomNomNow is a human-grade dog food that uses only minimal ingredients with no additives. Each flavor is carefully crafted by hand when you order it. You can order in bulk or by the meal, giving you the option on how much to store, or not.
You will also have the ability to choose from several recipes to keep the variety and interest going. The first five ingredients of the Chicken Wow-Wow are Chicken, Sweet Potatoes, Yellow Squash, Spinach, and NomNomWow’s nutrient mix.
What Customers Like
- Small ingredient list to limit complications or allergies.
- Human-grade food for dogs helps with digestion and lack of additives.
- Vitamin packs add to the overall health of the dog.
- Some flavors have ingredients a dog won’t like.
- Storage can be difficult when trying to keep fresh for longer periods.
Puppy – Best Dry Food – Blue Buffalo Freedom Small Breed Puppy Chicken Recipe Grain-Free Dry Dog Food
Blue Buffalo understands that some smaller stomachs don’t fare too well with a lot of grains. Their Freedom formula for small breeds is grain-free for an all-natural protein and vitamin punch. Blue Buffalo also provides one of the highest crude protein levels of any puppy food (30%) giving your Pom puppy the energy and nutrition he or she needs.
The first five ingredients are Deboned Chicken, Chicken Meal, Peas, Pea Starch, and Turkey Meal.
What Customers Like
- Natural ingredients with toy breed digestive systems in mind.
- Flavors are full and enjoyed by virtually all Pom puppies.
- Small mouths have little problems with the kibble size.
- Some foods can get stuck in teeth, especially when crowding is involved.
- Finding the correct amount, changes by the individual puppy and can be difficult to lock down.
Puppy – Best Wet Food – Merrick Lil’ Plates Grain-Free Pint-Sized Puppy Plate in Gravy Dog Food Trays
Merrick creates wet food for toy breeds that have more nutrients and vitamins than most other brands. Proper growth is important for bones, teeth, coat, and joints. Each tub of Merrick Lil’ Plates provides adequate nutrition levels in a handy single serve size package.
The first five ingredients are Deboned Chicken, Chicken Broth, Turkey Broth, Chicken Liver, and Deboned Turkey.
What Customers Like
- Easily to manage portion sizes.
- Can be mixed with dry food or as a topper.
- Digestion and metabolism are supported through proper nutrition.
- Food can be a little rich for some tastes, causing less eating than required.
- Overeating is possible with the wet formula alone.
Senior – Best Dry Food – Blue Buffalo Wilderness Senior Chicken Recipe Grain-Free Dry Dog Food
Blue Buffalo Wilderness brings you the very best in nutrition and proteins for a healthy and active dog in the later stages of life. The care and attention to what elder dogs need, especially small and toy breeds, set Blue Buffalo apart from the pack. Their recipes provide more vitamins and minerals than most other brands in the senior dog food market.
The first five ingredients are Deboned Chicken, Chicken Meal, Peas, Pea Protein, and Pea Starch.
What Customers Like
- Kibble is easily eaten and digested.
- Works well with a wet food topper.
- Keeps older dogs active and healthy.
- Can be difficult to eat completely dry for older teeth.
- May not contain enough fatty acids for some diet requirements.
Senior – Best Wet Food – Blue Buffalo Homestyle Recipe Senior Chicken Dinner with Garden Vegetables Canned Dog Food
Blue Buffalo Homestyle is a canned wet food that not only stores well but mixes with their dry food for more complete nutrition. As a stand-alone, it is easily eaten by the smaller mouths and older teeth without worry of denture issues or gum diseases in the later years. The Homestyle recipe also provides many nutrients, vitamins, and minerals not found elsewhere.
The first five ingredients are Chicken, Chicken Broth, Chicken Liver, Carrots, and Peas.
What Customers Like
- Easily mixed or as a topper with dry food.
- Flavors are enjoyed by most Pomeranians, even the picky ones.
- Activity and alertness levels are maintained.
- Older Poms tend to eat more than they should, making portion control crucial.
- May have to limit the number of daily feedings.